The book gives a comprehensive summary of the existing information on heterogeneously catalyzed selective oxidation reactions with an emphasis on light hydrocarbons. Nanostructuring is an important aspect of these catalysts. In fact, rational catalyst design will heavily depend on the ability to control the catalysts structure and particle size on the nanometer scale strongly linking heterogeneous catalysis with materials science. While a broad range of catalyst materials is covered a particular focus is put on vanadium-containing catalysts because of their importance for selective oxidation catalysis. To this end the effort is made to merge the current state of knowledge into a consistent picture of the working principle of selective oxidation catalysts.
The book is not intended for specialists only. Graduate students and researchers both in academia and industry from different areas of catalysis and different background will receive an overview of the field ranging from historical developments to recent results, which should allow them to quickly catch up with current research issues.
The introductory chapter discusses some basic aspects of heterogeneously catalyzed selective oxidations reactions. Chapter 2 deals with the initial activation step of C-H bonds in selective oxidation reactions on solid oxide catalysts. The first section (chapters 3-7) is dedicated to oxide catalyzed selective oxidation reactions of light hydrocarbons with a focus on vanadium and/or molybdenum containing catalysts. In the second section (chapters 8-11) selective oxidation reactions over supported gold, (supported) silver, ruthenium oxide and potassium promoted iron oxide catalysts are covered. The third section (chapters 12-14) addresses recent developments regarding supported vanadium oxide systems as well as mechanistic aspects of ethane/propane oxidative functionalization. In chapter 15 the characteristics of selective oxidation reactions are discussed focussing on active sites of the VxOy type. Chapter 16 addresses engineering aspects of selective oxidation reactions with reference to industrial processes. Chapter 17 gives a short outlook.